Google Glass 開発者ガイド 認証

2013/4/20 8091hit

Google Glass Authorizingを翻訳しました
Google Glass 開発者ガイド Contacts Google Glass 開発者プラットフォームガイドライン
目次
原文

認証リクエスト

Google MirroAPIへのリクエストはOAuth2.0の証明書で認証されていないと行けません。例えばユーザーがオフラインの場合など、アプリがユーザーの代わりにGoogleAPIにアクセスする必要があるとき、サーバーサイドフローを使う必要があります
このアプローチではユーザーイベントのためにクライアントからあなたのサーバーへのワンタイム認証コードが必要です。これによりあなたのサーバーのためにアクセスを提供しトークンを更新します。

clientIDとclient secretの作成

最初にアプリをGoogle Mirror APIでアクティベートする必要があります。Google APIs ConsoleのAPI project内から可能です。

1.Google APIs ConsoleでAPI projectを作成する
2.APIプロジェクトのServicesタブを選択しGoogle Mirror APIをenableにする。
3.APIプロジェクトのAPI Accessタブを選択しCreate an OAuth 2.0 client ID.をクリックする。
4.Branding Informationセクションでアプリケーションの名前(例My Glass service)を入力しNextをクリックオプションでプロダクトのロゴを提供できます。
5.Client ID Settingセクションで以下のことを行います。
 a.Application typeでWeb applicationを選択します。
 b.Your sit or homenameの横にあるmore optionリンクをクリックします。
 c.Authorized Redirect URIsとJavaScript originsフィールドにhostnameのリストを入力します。
 d.Create Client IDをクリックします
6.API AccessページのセクションでClient IDとClient secretの値をメモします。

認証リクエストを取り扱う

ユーザーがあなたのアプリケーションを最初に読み込んだとき、アプリケーションがGoogle Glassアカウントで要求されるパーミッションの範囲を許可するダイアログが表示されます。
初期認証後、clientIDあるいは要求するパーミッションの範囲が変更されたときは、パーミッションのダイアログが再度表示されます。
ユーザー認証

最初のサインインで成功したら認証コードを含んだ認証結果が帰ってきます。

認証コードをアクセストークンに変換する

認証コードはアクセストークンに変換可能なワンタイムコードです。
アクセストークンはGoogle Mirror APIを通じてあなたのアプリケーションが決められた間ユーザーデータにGoogle Mirror APIを通してアクセスすることを許可します。
もし、アプリケーションの要求がオフラインアクセスを必要とするなら最初にアプリは認証コードを変換します。
これはアクセストークンが期限切れになったときに新しいトークンを受け取るための更新用トークンも受け取ります。
アプリケーションは(通常あなたのサーバーのデータベースに)後で使用するためにこの更新用トークンを保存して下さい。

重要 リフレッシュトークンは常に保存しておいて下さい。もし、アプリケーションが新しいリフレッシュトークンを必要とする場合approval_promptクエリパラメータをforceにセットして送る必要があります。この場合、ユーザーにアプリケーションのパーミッションを許可するダイアログを再度見せることになります

下記のコードはオフラインにアクセスできる認証コードを変換し、更新用トークンを保存する例です。
Replace CLIENTSECRETS_LOCATIONの値はあなたのclient_secrets.jsonファイルの場所に置き換えて下さい。
注意:OAuth2.0パッケージについての詳細情報はOAuth2 API(英語)を見て下さい。



Java

import com.google.api.client.auth.oauth2.Credential;
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.auth.oauth2.GoogleAuthorizationCodeFlow;
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.auth.oauth2.GoogleAuthorizationCodeRequestUrl;
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.auth.oauth2.GoogleClientSecrets;
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.auth.oauth2.GoogleTokenResponse;
import com.google.api.client.http.HttpTransport;
import com.google.api.client.http.javanet.NetHttpTransport;
import com.google.api.client.json.jackson.JacksonFactory;
import com.google.api.services.oauth2.Oauth2;
import com.google.api.services.oauth2.model.Userinfo;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.List;

// ...

class MyClass {

// Path to client_secrets.json which should contain a JSON document such as:
// {
// "web": {
// "client_id": "[[YOUR_CLIENT_ID]]",
// "client_secret": "[[YOUR_CLIENT_SECRET]]",
// "auth_uri": "https://accounts.google.com/o/oauth2/auth",
// "token_uri": "https://accounts.google.com/o/oauth2/token"
// }
// }
private static final String CLIENTSECRETS_LOCATION = "client_secrets.json";

private static final String REDIRECT_URI = "<YOUR_REGISTERED_REDIRECT_URI>";
private static final List<String> SCOPES = Arrays.asList(
"https://www.googleapis.com/auth/glass.timeline",
"https://www.googleapis.com/auth/userinfo.profile");

private static GoogleAuthorizationCodeFlow flow = null;

/**
* Exception thrown when an error occurred while retrieving credentials.
*/
public static class GetCredentialsException extends Exception {

protected String authorizationUrl;

/**
* Construct a GetCredentialsException.
*
* @param authorizationUrl The authorization URL to redirect the user to.
*/
public GetCredentialsException(String authorizationUrl) {
this.authorizationUrl = authorizationUrl;
}

/**
* Set the authorization URL.
*/
public void setAuthorizationUrl(String authorizationUrl) {
this.authorizationUrl = authorizationUrl;
}

/**
* @return the authorizationUrl
*/
public String getAuthorizationUrl() {
return authorizationUrl;
}
}

/**
* Exception thrown when a code exchange has failed.
*/
public static class CodeExchangeException extends GetCredentialsException {

/**
* Construct a CodeExchangeException.
*
* @param authorizationUrl The authorization URL to redirect the user to.
*/
public CodeExchangeException(String authorizationUrl) {
super(authorizationUrl);
}

}

/**
* Exception thrown when no refresh token has been found.
*/
public static class NoRefreshTokenException extends GetCredentialsException {

/**
* Construct a NoRefreshTokenException.
*
* @param authorizationUrl The authorization URL to redirect the user to.
*/
public NoRefreshTokenException(String authorizationUrl) {
super(authorizationUrl);
}

}

/**
* Exception thrown when no user ID could be retrieved.
*/
private static class NoUserIdException extends Exception {
}

/**
* Retrieved stored credentials for the provided user ID.
*
* @param userId User's ID.
* @return Stored Credential if found, {@code null} otherwise.
*/
static Credential getStoredCredentials(String userId) {
// TODO: Implement this method to work with your database. Instantiate a new
// Credential instance with stored accessToken and refreshToken.
throw new UnsupportedOperationException();
}

/**
* Store OAuth 2.0 credentials in the application's database.
*
* @param userId User's ID.
* @param credentials The OAuth 2.0 credentials to store.
*/
static void storeCredentials(String userId, Credential credentials) {
// TODO: Implement this method to work with your database.
// Store the credentials.getAccessToken() and credentials.getRefreshToken()
// string values in your database.
throw new UnsupportedOperationException();
}

/**
* Build an authorization flow and store it as a static class attribute.
*
* @return GoogleAuthorizationCodeFlow instance.
* @throws IOException Unable to load client_secrets.json.
*/
static GoogleAuthorizationCodeFlow getFlow() throws IOException {
if (flow == null) {
HttpTransport httpTransport = new NetHttpTransport();
JacksonFactory jsonFactory = new JacksonFactory();
GoogleClientSecrets clientSecrets =
GoogleClientSecrets.load(jsonFactory,
MyClass.class.getResourceAsStream(CLIENTSECRETS_LOCATION));
flow =
new GoogleAuthorizationCodeFlow.Builder(httpTransport, jsonFactory, clientSecrets, SCOPES)
.setAccessType("offline").setApprovalPrompt("force").build();
}
return flow;
}

/**
* Exchange an authorization code for OAuth 2.0 credentials.
*
* @param authorizationCode Authorization code to exchange for OAuth 2.0
* credentials.
* @return OAuth 2.0 credentials.
* @throws CodeExchangeException An error occurred.
*/
static Credential exchangeCode(String authorizationCode)
throws CodeExchangeException {
try {
GoogleAuthorizationCodeFlow flow = getFlow();
GoogleTokenResponse response =
flow.newTokenRequest(authorizationCode).setRedirectUri(REDIRECT_URI).execute();
return flow.createAndStoreCredential(response, null);
} catch (IOException e) {
System.err.println("An error occurred: " + e);
throw new CodeExchangeException(null);
}
}

/**
* Send a request to the UserInfo API to retrieve the user's information.
*
* @param credentials OAuth 2.0 credentials to authorize the request.
* @return User's information.
* @throws NoUserIdException An error occurred.
*/
static Userinfo getUserInfo(Credential credentials)
throws NoUserIdException {
Oauth2 userInfoService =
new Oauth2.Builder(new NetHttpTransport(), new JacksonFactory(), credentials).build();
Userinfo userInfo = null;
try {
userInfo = userInfoService.userinfo().get().execute();
} catch (IOException e) {
System.err.println("An error occurred: " + e);
}
if (userInfo != null && userInfo.getId() != null) {
return userInfo;
} else {
throw new NoUserIdException();
}
}

/**
* Retrieve the authorization URL.
*
* @param userId User's Google ID.
* @param state State for the authorization URL.
* @return Authorization URL to redirect the user to.
* @throws IOException Unable to load client_secrets.json.
*/
public static String getAuthorizationUrl(String userId, String state) throws IOException {
GoogleAuthorizationCodeRequestUrl urlBuilder =
getFlow().newAuthorizationUrl().setRedirectUri(REDIRECT_URI).setState(state);
urlBuilder.set("user_id", userId);
return urlBuilder.build();
}

/**
* Retrieve credentials using the provided authorization code.
*
* This function exchanges the authorization code for an access token and
* queries the UserInfo API to retrieve the user's Google ID. If a
* refresh token has been retrieved along with an access token, it is stored
* in the application database using the user's Google ID as key. If no
* refresh token has been retrieved, the function checks in the application
* database for one and returns it if found or throws a NoRefreshTokenException
* with the authorization URL to redirect the user to.
*
* @param authorizationCode Authorization code to use to retrieve an access
* token.
* @param state State to set to the authorization URL in case of error.
* @return OAuth 2.0 credentials instance containing an access and refresh
* token.
* @throws NoRefreshTokenException No refresh token could be retrieved from
* the available sources.
* @throws IOException Unable to load client_secrets.json.
*/
public static Credential getCredentials(String authorizationCode, String state)
throws CodeExchangeException, NoRefreshTokenException, IOException {
String userId = "";
try {
Credential credentials = exchangeCode(authorizationCode);
Userinfo userInfo = getUserInfo(credentials);
userId = userInfo.getId();
if (credentials.getRefreshToken() != null) {
storeCredentials(userId, credentials);
return credentials;
} else {
credentials = getStoredCredentials(userId);
if (credentials != null && credentials.getRefreshToken() != null) {
return credentials;
}
}
} catch (CodeExchangeException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
// Glass services should try to retrieve the user and credentials for the current
// session.
// If none is available, redirect the user to the authorization URL.
e.setAuthorizationUrl(getAuthorizationUrl(userId, state));
throw e;
} catch (NoUserIdException e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}
// No refresh token has been retrieved.
String authorizationUrl = getAuthorizationUrl(userId, state);
throw new NoRefreshTokenException(authorizationUrl);
}

}

Python

import logging
from oauth2client.client import flow_from_clientsecrets
from oauth2client.client import FlowExchangeError
from apiclient.discovery import build
# ...


# Path to client_secrets.json which should contain a JSON document such as:
# {
# "web": {
# "client_id": "[[YOUR_CLIENT_ID]]",
# "client_secret": "[[YOUR_CLIENT_SECRET]]",
# "redirect_uris": [],
# "auth_uri": "https://accounts.google.com/o/oauth2/auth",
# "token_uri": "https://accounts.google.com/o/oauth2/token"
# }
# }
CLIENTSECRETS_LOCATION = '<PATH/TO/CLIENT_SECRETS.JSON>'
REDIRECT_URI = '<YOUR_REGISTERED_REDIRECT_URI>'
SCOPES = [
'https://www.googleapis.com/auth/glass.timeline',
'https://www.googleapis.com/auth/userinfo.profile',
# Add other requested scopes.
]

class GetCredentialsException(Exception):
"""Error raised when an error occurred while retrieving credentials.

Attributes:
authorization_url: Authorization URL to redirect the user to in order to
request offline access.
"""

def __init__(self, authorization_url):
"""Construct a GetCredentialsException."""
self.authorization_url = authorization_url


class CodeExchangeException(GetCredentialsException):
"""Error raised when a code exchange has failed."""


class NoRefreshTokenException(GetCredentialsException):
"""Error raised when no refresh token has been found."""


class NoUserIdException(Exception):
"""Error raised when no user ID could be retrieved."""


def get_stored_credentials(user_id):
"""Retrieved stored credentials for the provided user ID.

Args:
user_id: User's ID.
Returns:
Stored oauth2client.client.OAuth2Credentials if found, None otherwise.
Raises:
NotImplemented: This function has not been implemented.
"""
# TODO: Implement this function to work with your database.
# To instantiate an OAuth2Credentials instance from a Json
# representation, use the oauth2client.client.Credentials.new_from_json
# class method.
raise NotImplementedError()


def store_credentials(user_id, credentials):
"""Store OAuth 2.0 credentials in the application's database.

This function stores the provided OAuth 2.0 credentials using the user ID as
key.

Args:
user_id: User's ID.
credentials: OAuth 2.0 credentials to store.
Raises:
NotImplemented: This function has not been implemented.
"""
# TODO: Implement this function to work with your database.
# To retrieve a Json representation of the credentials instance, call the
# credentials.to_json() method.
raise NotImplementedError()


def exchange_code(authorization_code):
"""Exchange an authorization code for OAuth 2.0 credentials.

Args:
authorization_code: Authorization code to exchange for OAuth 2.0
credentials.
Returns:
oauth2client.client.OAuth2Credentials instance.
Raises:
CodeExchangeException: an error occurred.
"""
flow = flow_from_clientsecrets(CLIENTSECRETS_LOCATION, ' '.join(SCOPES))
flow.redirect_uri = REDIRECT_URI
try:
credentials = flow.step2_exchange(authorization_code)
return credentials
except FlowExchangeError, error:
logging.error('An error occurred: %s', error)
raise CodeExchangeException(None)


def get_user_info(credentials):
"""Send a request to the UserInfo API to retrieve the user's information.

Args:
credentials: oauth2client.client.OAuth2Credentials instance to authorize the
request.
Returns:
User information as a dict.
"""
user_info_service = build(
serviceName='oauth2', version='v2',
http=credentials.authorize(httplib2.Http()))
user_info = None
try:
user_info = user_info_service.userinfo().get().execute()
except errors.HttpError, e:
logging.error('An error occurred: %s', e)
if user_info and user_info.get('id'):
return user_info
else:
raise NoUserIdException()


def get_authorization_url(user_id, state):
"""Retrieve the authorization URL.

Args:
user_id: User's Google ID.
state: State for the authorization URL.
Returns:
Authorization URL to redirect the user to.
"""
flow = flow_from_clientsecrets(CLIENTSECRETS_LOCATION, ' '.join(SCOPES))
flow.params['access_type'] = 'offline'
flow.params['approval_prompt'] = 'force'
flow.params['user_id'] = user_id
flow.params['state'] = state
return flow.step1_get_authorize_url(REDIRECT_URI)


def get_credentials(authorization_code, state):
"""Retrieve credentials using the provided authorization code.

This function exchanges the authorization code for an access token and queries
the UserInfo API to retrieve the user's Google ID.
If a refresh token has been retrieved along with an access token, it is stored
in the application database using the user's Google ID as key.
If no refresh token has been retrieved, the function checks in the application
database for one and returns it if found or raises a NoRefreshTokenException
with the authorization URL to redirect the user to.

Args:
authorization_code: Authorization code to use to retrieve an access token.
state: State to set to the authorization URL in case of error.
Returns:
oauth2client.client.OAuth2Credentials instance containing an access and
refresh token.
Raises:
CodeExchangeError: Could not exchange the authorization code.
NoRefreshTokenException: No refresh token could be retrieved from the
available sources.
"""
user_id = ''
try:
credentials = exchange_code(authorization_code)
user_info = get_user_info(credentials)
user_id = user_info.get('id')
if credentials.refresh_token is not None:
store_credentials(user_id, credentials)
return credentials
else:
credentials = get_stored_credentials(user_id)
if credentials and credentials.refresh_token is not None:
return credentials
except CodeExchangeException, error:
logging.error('An error occurred during code exchange.')
# Glass services should try to retrieve the user and credentials for the current
# session.
# If none is available, redirect the user to the authorization URL.
error.authorization_url = get_authorization_url(user_id, state)
raise error
except NoUserIdException:
logging.error('No user ID could be retrieved.')
# No refresh token has been retrieved.
authorization_url = get_authorization_url(user_id, state)
raise NoRefreshTokenException(authorization_url)

PHP

<?php
require_once 'google-api-php-client/src/Google_Client.php';
require_once "google-api-php-client/src/contrib/Google_Oauth2Service.php";
session_start();
// ...

$CLIENT_ID = '<YOUR_CLIENT_ID>';
$CLIENT_SECRET = '<YOUR_CLIENT_SECRET>';
$REDIRECT_URI = '<YOUR_REGISTERED_REDIRECT_URI>';
$SCOPES = array(
'https://www.googleapis.com/auth/glass.timeline',
'https://www.googleapis.com/auth/userinfo.profile');


/**
* Exception thrown when an error occurred while retrieving credentials.
*/
class GetCredentialsException extends Exception {
protected $authorizationUrl;

/**
* Construct a GetCredentialsException.
*
* @param authorizationUrl The authorization URL to redirect the user to.
*/
public function __construct($authorizationUrl) {
$this->authorizationUrl = $authorizationUrl;
}

/**
* @return the authorizationUrl.
*/
public function getAuthorizationUrl() {
return $this->authorizationUrl;
}

/**
* Set the authorization URL.
*/
public function setAuthorizationurl($authorizationUrl) {
$this->authorizationUrl = $authorizationUrl;
}
}

/**
* Exception thrown when no refresh token has been found.
*/
class NoRefreshTokenException extends GetCredentialsException {}

/**
* Exception thrown when a code exchange has failed.
*/
class CodeExchangeException extends GetCredentialsException {}

/**
* Exception thrown when no user ID could be retrieved.
*/
class NoUserIdException extends Exception {}

/**
* Retrieved stored credentials for the provided user ID.
*
* @param String $userId User's ID.
* @return String Json representation of the OAuth 2.0 credentials.
*/
function getStoredCredentials($userId) {
// TODO: Implement this function to work with your database.
throw new RuntimeException('Not implemented!');
}

/**
* Store OAuth 2.0 credentials in the application's database.
*
* @param String $userId User's ID.
* @param String $credentials Json representation of the OAuth 2.0 credentials to
store.
*/
function storeCredentials($userId, $credentials) {
// TODO: Implement this function to work with your database.
throw new RuntimeException('Not implemented!');
}

/**
* Exchange an authorization code for OAuth 2.0 credentials.
*
* @param String $authorizationCode Authorization code to exchange for OAuth 2.0
* credentials.
* @return String Json representation of the OAuth 2.0 credentials.
* @throws CodeExchangeException An error occurred.
*/
function exchangeCode($authorizationCode) {
try {
global $CLIENT_ID, $CLIENT_SECRET, $REDIRECT_URI;
$client = new Google_Client();

$client->setClientId($CLIENT_ID);
$client->setClientSecret($CLIENT_SECRET);
$client->setRedirectUri($REDIRECT_URI);
$_GET['code'] = $authorizationCode;
return $client->authenticate();
} catch (Google_AuthException $e) {
print 'An error occurred: ' . $e->getMessage();
throw new CodeExchangeException(null);
}
}

/**
* Send a request to the UserInfo API to retrieve the user's information.
*
* @param String credentials OAuth 2.0 credentials to authorize the request.
* @return Userinfo User's information.
* @throws NoUserIdException An error occurred.
*/
function getUserInfo($credentials) {
$apiClient = new Google_Client();
$apiClient->setUseObjects(true);
$apiClient->setAccessToken($credentials);
$userInfoService = new Google_Oauth2Service($apiClient);
$userInfo = null;
try {
$userInfo = $userInfoService->userinfo->get();
} catch (Google_Exception $e) {
print 'An error occurred: ' . $e->getMessage();
}
if ($userInfo != null && $userInfo->getId() != null) {
return $userInfo;
} else {
throw new NoUserIdException();
}
}

/**
* Retrieve the authorization URL.
*
* @param String $userId User's Google ID.
* @param String $state State for the authorization URL.
* @return String Authorization URL to redirect the user to.
*/
function getAuthorizationUrl($userId, $state) {
global $CLIENT_ID, $REDIRECT_URI, $SCOPES;
$client = new Google_Client();

$client->setClientId($CLIENT_ID);
$client->setRedirectUri($REDIRECT_URI);
$client->setAccessType('offline');
$client->setApprovalPrompt('force');
$client->setState($state);
$client->setScopes($SCOPES);
$tmpUrl = parse_url($client->createAuthUrl());
$query = explode('&', $tmpUrl['query']);
$query[] = 'user_id=' . urlencode($userId);
return
$tmpUrl['scheme'] . '://' . $tmpUrl['host'] . $tmpUrl['port'] .
$tmpUrl['path'] . '?' . implode('&', $query);
}

/**
* Retrieve credentials using the provided authorization code.
*
* This function exchanges the authorization code for an access token and
* queries the UserInfo API to retrieve the user's Google ID. If a
* refresh token has been retrieved along with an access token, it is stored
* in the application database using the user's Google ID as key. If no
* refresh token has been retrieved, the function checks in the application
* database for one and returns it if found or throws a NoRefreshTokenException
* with the authorization URL to redirect the user to.
*
* @param String authorizationCode Authorization code to use to retrieve an access
* token.
* @param String state State to set to the authorization URL in case of error.
* @return String Json representation of the OAuth 2.0 credentials.
* @throws NoRefreshTokenException No refresh token could be retrieved from
* the available sources.
*/
function getCredentials($authorizationCode, $state) {
$userId = '';
try {
$credentials = exchangeCode($authorizationCode);
$userInfo = getUserInfo($credentials);
$userId = $userInfo->getId();
$credentialsArray = json_decode($credentials, true);
if (isset($credentialsArray['refresh_token'])) {
storeCredentials($userId, $credentials);
return $credentials;
} else {
$credentials = getStoredCredentials($userId);
$credentialsArray = json_decode($credentials, true);
if ($credentials != null &&
isset($credentialsArray['refresh_token'])) {
return $credentials;
}
}
} catch (CodeExchangeException $e) {
print 'An error occurred during code exchange.';
// Glass services should try to retrieve the user and credentials for the current
// session.
// If none is available, redirect the user to the authorization URL.
$e->setAuthorizationUrl(getAuthorizationUrl($userId, $state));
throw $e;
} catch (NoUserIdException $e) {
print 'No user ID could be retrieved.';
}
// No refresh token has been retrieved.
$authorizationUrl = getAuthorizationUrl($userId, $state);
throw new NoRefreshTokenException($authorizationUrl);
}
?>

.NET

using DotNetOpenAuth.Messaging;
using DotNetOpenAuth.OAuth2;
using Google;
using Google.Apis.Authentication;
using Google.Apis.Authentication.OAuth2;
using Google.Apis.Authentication.OAuth2.DotNetOpenAuth;
using Google.Apis.Oauth2.v2;
using Google.Apis.Oauth2.v2.Data;
using System;
using System.Collections.Specialized;
using System.Web;
// ...

class MyClass {

static String CLIENT_ID = "<YOUR_CLIENT_ID>";
static String CLIENT_SECRET = "<YOUR_CLIENT_SECRET>";
static String REDIRECT_URI = "<YOUR_REGISTERED_REDIRECT_URI>";
static String[] SCOPES = new String[] {
"https://www.googleapis.com/auth/glass.timeline",
"https://www.googleapis.com/auth/userinfo.profile"
};

/// <summary>
/// Exception thrown when an error occurred while retrieving credentials.
/// </summary>
public class GetCredentialsException : Exception {

public String AuthorizationUrl { get; set; }

/// <summary>
/// Construct a GetCredentialsException.
/// </summary>
/// @param authorizationUrl The authorization URL to redirect the user to.
public GetCredentialsException(String authorizationUrl) {
this.AuthorizationUrl = authorizationUrl;
}

}

/// <summary>
/// Exception thrown when no refresh token has been found.
/// </summary>
public class NoRefreshTokenException : GetCredentialsException {

/// <summary>
/// Construct a NoRefreshTokenException.
/// </summary>
/// @param authorizationUrl The authorization URL to redirect the user to.
public NoRefreshTokenException(String authorizationUrl) : base(authorizationUrl) {
}

}

/// <summary>
/// Exception thrown when a code exchange has failed.
/// </summary>
private class CodeExchangeException : GetCredentialsException {

/// <summary>
/// Construct a CodeExchangeException.
/// </summary>
/// @param authorizationUrl The authorization URL to redirect the user to.
public CodeExchangeException(String authorizationUrl) : base(authorizationUrl) {
}

}

/// <summary>
/// Exception thrown when no user ID could be retrieved.
/// </summary>
private class NoUserIdException : Exception {
}

/// <summary>
/// Extends the NativeApplicationClient class to allow setting of a custom IAuthorizationState.
/// </summary>
public class StoredStateClient : NativeApplicationClient {
/// <summary>
/// Initializes a new instance of the <see cref="StoredStateClient"/> class.
/// </summary>
/// <param name="authorizationServer">The token issuer.</param>
/// <param name="clientIdentifier">The client identifier.</param>
/// <param name="clientSecret">The client secret.</param>
public StoredStateClient(AuthorizationServerDescription authorizationServer,
String clientIdentifier,
String clientSecret,
IAuthorizationState state)
: base(authorizationServer, clientIdentifier, clientSecret) {
this.State = state;
}

public IAuthorizationState State { get; private set; }

/// <summary>
/// Returns the IAuthorizationState stored in the StoredStateClient instance.
/// </summary>
/// <param name="provider">OAuth2 client.</param>
/// <returns>The stored authorization state.</returns>
static public IAuthorizationState GetState(StoredStateClient provider) {
return provider.State;
}
}

/// <summary>
/// Retrieve an IAuthenticator instance using the provided state.
/// </summary>
/// <param name="credentials">OAuth 2.0 credentials to use.</param>
/// <returns>Authenticator using the provided OAuth 2.0 credentials</returns>
public static IAuthenticator GetAuthenticatorFromState(IAuthorizationState credentials) {
var provider = new StoredStateClient(GoogleAuthenticationServer.Description, CLIENT_ID, CLIENT_SECRET, credentials);
var auth = new OAuth2Authenticator<StoredStateClient>(provider, StoredStateClient.GetState);
auth.LoadAccessToken();
return auth;
}

/// <summary>
/// Retrieved stored credentials for the provided user ID.
/// </summary>
/// <param name="userId">User's ID.</param>
/// <returns>Stored GoogleAccessProtectedResource if found, null otherwise.</returns>
static IAuthorizationState GetStoredCredentials(String userId) {
// TODO: Implement this method to work with your database.
throw new NotImplementedException();
}

/// <summary>
/// Store OAuth 2.0 credentials in the application's database.
/// </summary>
/// <param name="userId">User's ID.</param>
/// <param name="credentials">The OAuth 2.0 credentials to store.</param>
static void StoreCredentials(String userId, IAuthorizationState credentials) {
// TODO: Implement this method to work with your database.
throw new NotImplementedException();
}

/// <summary>
/// Exchange an authorization code for OAuth 2.0 credentials.
/// </summary>
/// <param name="authorizationCode">Authorization code to exchange for OAuth 2.0 credentials.</param>
/// <returns>OAuth 2.0 credentials.</returns>
/// <exception cref="CodeExchangeException">An error occurred.</exception>
static IAuthorizationState ExchangeCode(String authorizationCode) {
var provider = new NativeApplicationClient(GoogleAuthenticationServer.Description, CLIENT_ID, CLIENT_SECRET);
IAuthorizationState state = new AuthorizationState();
state.Callback = new Uri(REDIRECT_URI);
try {
state = provider.ProcessUserAuthorization(authorizationCode, state);
return state;
} catch (ProtocolException) {
throw new CodeExchangeException(null);
}
}

/// <summary>
/// Send a request to the UserInfo API to retrieve the user's information.
/// </summary>
/// <param name="credentials">OAuth 2.0 credentials to authorize the request.</param>
/// <returns>User's information.</returns>
/// <exception cref="NoUserIdException">An error occurred.</exception>
static Userinfo GetUserInfo(IAuthorizationState credentials) {
Oauth2Service userInfoService = new Oauth2Service(GetAuthenticatorFromState(credentials));
Userinfo userInfo = null;
try {
userInfo = userInfoService.Userinfo.Get().Fetch();
} catch (GoogleApiRequestException e) {
Console.WriteLine("An error occurred: " + e.Message);
}
if (userInfo != null && !String.IsNullOrEmpty(userInfo.Id)) {
return userInfo;
} else {
throw new NoUserIdException();
}
}

/// <summary>
/// Retrieve the authorization URL.
/// </summary>
/// <param name="userId">User's Google ID.</param>
/// <param name="state">State for the authorization URL.</param>
/// <returns>Authorization URL to redirect the user to.</returns>
public static String GetAuthorizationUrl(String userId, String state) {
var provider = new NativeApplicationClient(GoogleAuthenticationServer.Description);
provider.ClientIdentifier = CLIENT_ID;

IAuthorizationState authorizationState = new AuthorizationState(SCOPES);
authorizationState.Callback = new Uri(REDIRECT_URI);

UriBuilder builder = new UriBuilder(provider.RequestUserAuthorization(authorizationState));
NameValueCollection queryParameters = HttpUtility.ParseQueryString(builder.Query);

queryParameters.Set("access_type", "offline");
queryParameters.Set("approval_prompt", "force");
queryParameters.Set("user_id", userId);
queryParameters.Set("state", state);

builder.Query = queryParameters.ToString();
return builder.Uri.ToString();
}

/// <summary>
/// Retrieve credentials using the provided authorization code.
///
/// This function exchanges the authorization code for an access token and
/// queries the UserInfo API to retrieve the user's Google ID. If a
/// refresh token has been retrieved along with an access token, it is stored
/// in the application database using the user's Google ID as key. If no
/// refresh token has been retrieved, the function checks in the application
/// database for one and returns it if found or throws a NoRefreshTokenException
/// with the authorization URL to redirect the user to.
/// </summary>
/// <param name="authorizationCode">Authorization code to use to retrieve an access token.</param>
/// <param name="state">State to set to the authorization URL in case of error.</param>
/// <returns>OAuth 2.0 credentials instance containing an access and refresh token.</returns>
/// <exception cref="CodeExchangeException">
/// An error occurred while exchanging the authorization code.
/// </exception>
/// <exception cref="NoRefreshTokenException">
/// No refresh token could be retrieved from the available sources.
/// </exception>
public static IAuthenticator GetCredentials(String authorizationCode, String state) {
String userId = "";
try {
IAuthorizationState credentials = ExchangeCode(authorizationCode);
Userinfo userInfo = GetUserInfo(credentials);
userId = userInfo.Id;
if (!String.IsNullOrEmpty(credentials.RefreshToken)) {
StoreCredentials(userId, credentials);
return GetAuthenticatorFromState(credentials);
} else {
credentials = GetStoredCredentials(userId);
if (credentials != null && !String.IsNullOrEmpty(credentials.RefreshToken)) {
return GetAuthenticatorFromState(credentials);
}
}
} catch (CodeExchangeException e) {
Console.WriteLine("An error occurred during code exchange.");
// Glass services should try to retrieve the user and credentials for the current
// session.
// If none is available, redirect the user to the authorization URL.
e.AuthorizationUrl = GetAuthorizationUrl(userId, state);
throw e;
} catch (NoUserIdException) {
Console.WriteLine("No user ID could be retrieved.");
}
// No refresh token has been retrieved.
String authorizationUrl = GetAuthorizationUrl(userId, state);
throw new NoRefreshTokenException(authorizationUrl);
}

}

Ruby

require 'google/api_client'

CLIENT_ID = '<YOUR_CLIENT_ID>'
CLIENT_SECRET = '<YOUR_CLIENT_SECRET>'
REDIRECT_URI = '<YOUR_REGISTERED_REDIRECT_URI>'
SCOPES = [
'https://www.googleapis.com/auth/glass.timeline',
'https://www.googleapis.com/auth/userinfo.profile',
# Add other requested scopes.
]

##
# Error raised when an error occurred while retrieving credentials.
class GetCredentialsError < StandardError
##
# Initialize a NoRefreshTokenError instance.
#
# @param [String] authorize_url
# Authorization URL to redirect the user to in order to in order to request
# offline access.
def initialize(authorization_url)
@authorization_url = authorization_url
end

def authorization_url=(authorization_url)
@authorization_url = authorization_url
end

def authorization_url
return @authorization_url
end
end

##
# Error raised when a code exchange has failed.
class CodeExchangeError < GetCredentialsError
end

##
# Error raised when no refresh token has been found.
class NoRefreshTokenError < GetCredentialsError
end

##
# Error raised when no user ID could be retrieved.
class NoUserIdError < StandardError
end

##
# Retrieved stored credentials for the provided user ID.
#
# @param [String] user_id
# User's ID.
# @return [Signet::OAuth2::Client]
# Stored OAuth 2.0 credentials if found, nil otherwise.
def get_stored_credentials(user_id)
raise NotImplementedError, 'get_stored_credentials is not implemented.'
end

##
# Store OAuth 2.0 credentials in the application's database.
#
# @param [String] user_id
# User's ID.
# @param [Signet::OAuth2::Client] credentials
# OAuth 2.0 credentials to store.
def store_credentials(user_id, credentials)
raise NotImplementedError, 'store_credentials is not implemented.'
end

##
# Exchange an authorization code for OAuth 2.0 credentials.
#
# @param [String] auth_code
# Authorization code to exchange for OAuth 2.0 credentials.
# @return [Signet::OAuth2::Client]
# OAuth 2.0 credentials.
def exchange_code(authorization_code)
client = Google::APIClient.new
client.authorization.client_id = CLIENT_ID
client.authorization.client_secret = CLIENT_SECRET
client.authorization.code = authorization_code
client.authorization.redirect_uri = REDIRECT_URI

begin
client.authorization.fetch_access_token!
return client.authorization
rescue Signet::AuthorizationError
raise CodeExchangeError.new(nil)
end
end

##
# Send a request to the UserInfo API to retrieve the user's information.
#
# @param [Signet::OAuth2::Client] credentials
# OAuth 2.0 credentials to authorize the request.
# @return [Google::APIClient::Schema::Oauth2::V2::Userinfo]
# User's information.
def get_user_info(credentials)
client = Google::APIClient.new
client.authorization = credentials
oauth2 = client.discovered_api('oauth2', 'v2')
result = client.execute!(:api_method => oauth2.userinfo.get)
user_info = nil
if result.status == 200
user_info = result.data
else
puts "An error occurred: #{result.data['error']['message']}"
end
if user_info != nil && user_info.id != nil
return user_info
end
raise NoUserIdError, "Unable to retrieve the user's Google ID."
end

##
# Retrieve authorization URL.
#
# @param [String] user_id
# User's Google ID.
# @param [String] state
# State for the authorization URL.
# @return [String]
# Authorization URL to redirect the user to.
def get_authorization_url(user_id, state)
client = Google::APIClient.new
client.authorization.client_id = CLIENT_ID
client.authorization.redirect_uri = REDIRECT_URI
client.authorization.scope = SCOPES

return client.authorization.authorization_uri(
:options => {
:approval_prompt => :force,
:access_type => :offline,
:user_id => user_id,
:state => state
}).to_s
end

##
# Retrieve credentials using the provided authorization code.
#
# This function exchanges the authorization code for an access token and queries
# the UserInfo API to retrieve the user's Google ID.
# If a refresh token has been retrieved along with an access token, it is stored
# in the application database using the user's Google ID as key.
# If no refresh token has been retrieved, the function checks in the application
# database for one and returns it if found or raises a NoRefreshTokenError
# with an authorization URL to redirect the user to.
#
# @param [String] auth_code
# Authorization code to use to retrieve an access token.
# @param [String] state
# State to set to the authorization URL in case of error.
# @return [Signet::OAuth2::Client]
# OAuth 2.0 credentials containing an access and refresh token.
def get_credentials(authorization_code, state)
user_id = ''
begin
credentials = exchange_code(authorization_code)
user_info = get_user_info(credentials)
user_id = user_info.id
if credentials.refresh_token != nil
store_credentials(user_id, credentials)
return credentials
else
credentials = get_stored_credentials(user_id)
if credentials != nil && credentials.refresh_token != nil
return credentials
end
end
rescue CodeExchangeError => error
print 'An error occurred during code exchange.'
# Glass services should try to retrieve the user and credentials for the current
# session.
# If none is available, redirect the user to the authorization URL.
error.authorization_url = get_authorization_url(user_id, state)
raise error
rescue NoUserIdError
print 'No user ID could be retrieved.'
end
authorization_url = get_authorization_url(user_id, state)
raise NoRefreshTokenError.new(authorization_url)
end

保存した証明書で認証する

ユーザーにより初回のアプリ認証フローを成功したら
アプリケーションはユーザーの助け無しに認証リクエストのために保存された更新用トークンを使用することが出来ます。
ユーザーが既に認証しているならアプリケーションはサーバーサイドセッションの中でデーターベースに保存された更新用トークンを取得できます。
更新用トークンが取り消されるか認証されなかったときアプリケーションはそれをキャッチして適切なアクションを行う必要があります。

OAuth2.0証明書を使う

OAuth2.0を前の章で示したように取得されているなら、Google Mirro APIオブジェクトで認証して、リクエストをAPIに送信することが出来ます。
以下のコードはGoogle Mirror API serviceオブジェクトをインスタンス化し、認証しGoogle Mirror APIにTimeline itemのメタデータをsyつおくするリクエストを送る方法を示します。
サービスオブジェクトをインスタンス化する

このサンプルコードはどのようにサービスオブジェクトをインスタンス化しAPIリクエストを認証する方法を示します。
Java

import com.google.api.client.googleapis.auth.oauth2.GoogleCredential;

import com.google.api.client.http.HttpTransport;
import com.google.api.client.http.javanet.NetHttpTransport;
import com.google.api.client.json.jackson.JacksonFactory;

import com.google.api.services.mirror.Mirror;
// ...

public class MyClass {
// ...

/**
* Build a Mirror service object.
*
* @param credentials OAuth 2.0 credentials.
* @return Mirror service object.
*/
static Mirror buildService(GoogleCredential credentials) {
HttpTransport httpTransport = new NetHttpTransport();
JacksonFactory jsonFactory = new JacksonFactory();

return new Mirror.Builder(httpTransport, jsonFactory, credentials)
.build();
}

// ...
}

Python

from apiclient.discovery import build
# ...

def build_service(credentials):
"""Build a Mirror service object.

Args:
credentials: OAuth 2.0 credentials.

Returns:
Mirror service object.
"""
http = httplib2.Http()
http = credentials.authorize(http)
return build('mirror', 'v1', http=http)

PHP

<?php
session_start();

require_once "google-api-php-client/src/Google_Client.php";
require_once "google-api-php-client/src/contrib/Google_MirrorService.php";

// ...

/**
* Build a Mirror service object.
*
* @param String credentials Json representation of the OAuth 2.0 credentials.
* @return Google_MirrorService service object.
*/
function buildService($credentials) {
$apiClient = new Google_Client();
$apiClient->setUseObjects(true);
$apiClient->setAccessToken($credentials);
return new Google_MirrorService($apiClient);
}

// ...
?>

.NET

using Google.Apis.Authentication;

using Google.Apis.Mirror.v1;
// ...

public class MyClass {
// ...

/// <summary>
/// Build a Mirror service object.
/// </summary>
/// <param name="credentials">OAuth 2.0 credentials.</param>
/// <returns>Mirror service object.</returns>
static MirrorService BuildService(IAuthenticator credentials) {
return new MirrorService(credentials);
}
}

Ruby

require 'google/api_client'

##
# Build a Mirror client instance.
#
# @param [Signet::OAuth2::Client] credentials
# OAuth 2.0 credentials.
# @return [Google::APIClient]
# Client instance
def build_client(credentials)
client = Google::APIClient.new
client.authorization = credentials
client = client.discovered_api('mirror', 'v1')
client
end

認証リクエストを送り、削除された証明書をチェックする

以下のコードは認証されたGoogle Mirror APIサービスをインスタンス化し、Timeline itemに関するメタデータを取得する認証されたGETリクエストを送信します。

もしエラーが発生したらコードはHTTP401ステータスコードをチェックし、ユーザーを認証用URLにリダイレクトしなければいけません。
Google MirroAPIの操作についてより詳細なドキュメントはAPI Reference(翻訳中)にあります。
Java

import com.google.api.client.http.HttpResponse;
import com.google.api.client.http.HttpResponseException;

import com.google.api.services.mirror.Mirror;
import com.google.api.services.mirror.model.TimelineItem;

import java.io.IOException;
// ...

public class MyClass {
// ...

/**
* Print a timeline item's metadata.
*
* @param service Mirror service instance.
* @param itemId ID of the timeline item to print metadata for.
*/
static void printTimelineItem(Mirror service, String itemId) {
try {
TimelineItem item = service.timeline().get(itemId).execute();

System.out.println("Text: " + item.getText());
System.out.println("HTML: " + item.getHtml());
} catch (HttpResponseException e) {
if (e.getStatusCode() == 401) {
// Credentials have been revoked.
// TODO: Redirect the user to the authorization URL and/or
// remove the credentials from the database.
throw new UnsupportedOperationException();
}
} catch (IOException e) {
System.out.println("An error occurred: " + e);
}
}

// ...
}

Python

from apiclient import errors
# ...

def print_timeline_item(service, item_id):
"""Print a timeline item's metadata.

Args:
service: Mirror service instance.
item_id: ID of the timeline item to print metadata for.
"""
try:
item = service.timeline().get(id=item_id).execute()

print 'Text: %s' % item['text']
print 'HTML: %s' % item['html']
except errors.HttpError, error:
if error.resp.status == 401:
# Credentials have been revoked.
# TODO: Redirect the user to the authorization URL and/or remove
# the credentials from the database.
raise NotImplementedError()

PHP

/**
* Print a timeline item's metadata.
*
* @param Google_MirrorService $service Mirror service instance.
* @param string $itemId ID of the timeline item to print metadata for.
*/
function printTimelineItem($service, $itemId) {
try {
$item = $service->timeline->get($itemId);

print "Text: " . $item->getText() . "\n";
print "HTML: " . $item->getHtml() . "\n";
} catch (apiAuthException) {
// Credentials have been revoked.
// TODO: Redirect the user to the authorization URL and/or remove
// the credentials from the database.
throw new RuntimeException('Not implemented!');
} catch (apiException $e) {
print "An error occurred: " . $e->getMessage();
}
}

.NET

using Google;
using Google.Apis.Mirror.v1;
using Google.Apis.Mirror.v1.Data;

using System;
using System.Net;
// ...

public class MyClass {

// ...

/// <summary>
/// Print a timeline item's metadata.
/// </summary>
/// <param name="service">Mirror service instance.</param>
/// <param name="itemId">ID of the timeline item to print metadata for.</param>
private static void printTimelineItem(MirrorService service, String itemId) {
try {
TimelineItem item = service.Timeline.Get(itemId).Fetch();

Console.WriteLine("Text: " + item.Text);
Console.WriteLine("HTML: " + item.Html);
} catch (GoogleApiRequestException e) {
if (e.HttpStatusCode == HttpStatusCode.Unauthorized) {
// Credentials have been revoked.
// TODO: Redirect the user to the authorization URL and/or remove the
// credentials from the database.
throw new NotImplementedException();
}
}
}

//...

}

Ruby

require 'google/api_client'

##
# Print a timeline item's metadata.
#
# @param [Google::APIClient] client
# Authorized client instance
# @param [String] item_id
# ID of timeline item to print
# @return nil
def print_timeline_item(client, item_id)
mirror = client.discovered_api('mirror', 'v1')
result = client.execute(
:api_method => mirror.timeline.get,
:parameters => { 'id' => item_id })
if result.success?
item = result.data
puts "Text: #{item.text}"
puts "Html: #{item.html}"
elseif result.status == 401
# Credentials have been revoked.
# TODO: Redirect the user to the authorization URL and/or remove
# the credentials from the database.
raise NotImplementedError, 'Redirect the user.'
end
else
puts "An error occurred: #{result.data['error']['message']}"
end
end

次は

API Reference(翻訳中)を読んで利用可能なAPIメソッドについてより学ぶことが出来ます。
また、包括的なサンプルアプリをみて実際に動くアプリのコードを調べることも出来ます。

最終更新日2013年4月18日
Google Glass 開発者ガイド Contacts Google Glass 開発者プラットフォームガイドライン

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関連キーワード

[モバイル][IT][翻訳][Google Glass]

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